【透彻来阅读】《刻意磨炼》作业16网球

3.本人为于斯误区里。以为干了20年的医务卫生人员医术一定比5年医龄的医务卫生人员还美好。我需要拿当下遵照开看了才会发现自己的误区在何,并让祥和以初的认知里提升自己的技术。

原文

Below is the prepared text of the Commencement address by Drew Houston
’05, the CEO of Dropbox, for MIT’s 147th
Commencement

held June 7, 2013.

Thank you Chairman Reed, and congratulations to all of you in the class
of 2013.

I’m so happy to be back at MIT, and it’s an honor to be here with you
today. I still wear my Brass Rat, and turning this ring around on
graduation day is still one of the proudest moments of my life.

There are a lot of reasons why this is a special day, but the reason I’m
so excited for all of you is that today is the first day of your life
where you no longer need to check boxes.

For your first couple decades, success in life has meant jumping through
one hoop after another: get these test scores, get into this college.
Take these classes, get this degree. Get into this prestigious
institution so you can get into the next prestigious institution. All of
that ends today.

The hard thing about planning your life is you have no idea where you’re
going, but you want to get there as soon as possible. Maybe you’ll start
a company, or cure cancer, or write the great American novel. Or who
knows? Maybe things will go horribly wrong. I had no idea.

Being up here in robes and speaking to all of you today wasn’t exactly
part of my plan seven years ago. In fact, I’ve never really had a grand
plan — and what I realize now is that it’s probably impossible to have
one after graduation, if ever.

I’ve thought a lot about what’s different about the life you’re
beginning today. I’ve thought about what I would do if I had to start
all over again. What got you here was basically being smart and working
hard. But nobody tells you that after today, the recipe for success
changes. So what I want to do is give you a little cheat sheet, the one
I would have loved to have had on my graduation day.

If you were to look at my cheat sheet, there wouldn’t be a lot on it.
There would be a tennis ball, a circle, and the number 30,000. I know
this doesn’t make any sense right now, but bear with me.

I started my first company in a Chili’s when I was 21. My cofounder,
Andrew Crick, and I had never done this before. We were wondering if you
needed to wear a suit to City Hall, or if you needed to make a company
seal for stamping important documents. It turns out you can just go
online and fill out a form and be done in about two minutes. It was a
little anti-climactic, but we were in business. Over onion strings we
decided that our company was going to make a new kind of online course
for the SAT. Most kids back then were still using these old-school
800-page books, and the other online prep courses weren’t very good. We
called it Accolade, an SAT vocab word meaning an award of distinction.
Well, actually, we called it “The Accolade Group, LLC” which we thought
sounded a lot more impressive.

I stopped at Staples on the way home to pick up some card stock.
Clearly, the most important order of business was to Photoshop a logo
and print out some business cards that said “Founder” on them. The next
order of business was to hand them out at conferences, and tell girls
“why yes, I do have a company.” It was awesome.

But the best part was learning all kinds of new things. I lived in my
fraternity house every summer, and up on the fifth floor there’s a
ladder that goes up to the roof. I had this green nylon folding chair
that I’d drag up there along with armfuls of business books I bought off
Amazon and I’d spend every weekend reading about marketing, sales,
management and all these other things I knew nothing about. I wasn’t
planning to get my MBA on the roof of Phi Delta Theta, but that’s what
happened.

A couple years later, things started going downhill. I felt like I had
to paddle harder and harder to make progress, and at some point I just
snapped and couldn’t deal with any more math questions about parallel
lines or the train leaving Memphis at 3:45. I figured something was
wrong with me. I felt guilty for being so unproductive. Starting a
company had been my dream, and, well, maybe I didn’t have what it takes
after all.

So I took a little break. Of course, if you’re in course 6, sometimes
“taking a break” means writing a poker bot. For those of you who don’t
know what a poker bot is, what happens when you play poker online is
first, you sit for hours and click buttons, and then you lose all your
money. A poker bot means you can have your computer lose all your money
for you.
But it was a fascinating challenge. I was possessed. I would think about
it in the shower. I would think about it in the middle of the night. It
was like a switch went on — suddenly I was a machine.

In the middle of all this, my mom and dad wanted all of us to come up to
New Hampshire to spend a family weekend together. But I really wanted to
keep working on my poker bot. So I pull up in my Accord and open the
trunk, and next I’m dragging all my computer stuff and all these wires
into our little cottage. The dining room table wasn’t big enough so I
started moving all the pots and pans off the stove to make room for all
my monitors. This time it was my mom who thought something was wrong
with me. She was convinced I was going to jail.
I was going to say work on what you love, but that’s not really it. It’s
so easy to convince yourself that you love what you’re doing — who wants
to admit that they don’t? When I think about it, the happiest and most
successful people I know don’t just love what they do, they’re obsessed
with solving an important problem, something that matters to them. They
remind me of a dog chasing a tennis ball: their eyes go a little crazy,
the leash snaps and they go bounding off, plowing through whatever gets
in the way. I have some other friends who also work hard and get paid
well in their jobs, but they complain as if they were shackled to a
desk.
The problem is a lot of people don’t find their tennis ball right away.
Don’t get me wrong — I love a good standardized test as much as the next
guy, but being king of SAT prep wasn’t going to be mine. What scares me
is that both the poker bot and Dropbox started out as distractions. That
little voice in my head was telling me where to go, and the whole time I
was telling it to shut up so I could get back to work. Sometimes that
little voice knows best.
It took me a while to get it, but the hardest-working people don’t work
hard because they’re disciplined. They work hard because working on an
exciting problem is fun. So after today, it’s not about pushing
yourself; it’s about finding your tennis ball, the thing that pulls you.
It might take a while, but until you find it, keep listening for that
little voice.

Let’s go back to the summer after my graduation, the summer you’re about
to have. One of my fraternity brothers, Adam Smith, and his friend Matt
Brezina were starting a company and we decided it would be fun for all
of us to work together out of one apartment.

It was the perfect summer — well, almost perfect. The air conditioner
was broken so we were all coding in our boxers. Adam and Matt were
working around the clock, but as time went on they kept getting pulled
away by potential investors who would share their secrets and take them
on helicopter rides. I was a little jealous — I had been working on my
company for a couple years and Adam had only been at it for a couple
months. Where were my helicopter rides?

Things only got worse. August rolled around and Adam gave me the bad
news: they were moving out. Not only was my supply of Hot Pockets cut
off, but they were off to Silicon Valley, where the real action was
happening, and I wasn’t.

Every now and then I’d give Adam a call and hear how things were going.
Things were always pretty good. “We met with Vinod this afternoon,” he
would tell me. Vinod Khosla is the billionaire investor and cofounder of
Sun Microsystems. Then Adam dropped the bomb. “He’s going to give us
five million dollars.”

I was thrilled for him, but it was a shock for me. Here was my faithful
beer pong partner and my little brother in the fraternity, two years
younger than me. I was out of excuses. He was off to the Super Bowl and
I wasn’t even getting drafted. He had no idea at the time, but Adam had
given me just the kick I needed. It was time for a change.

They say that you’re the average of the 5 people you spend the most time
with. Think about that for a minute: who would be in your circle of 5? I
have some good news: MIT is one of the best places in the world to start
building that circle. If I hadn’t come here, I wouldn’t have met Adam, I
wouldn’t have met my amazing cofounder, Arash, and there would be no
Dropbox.
One thing I’ve learned is surrounding yourself with inspiring people is
now just as important as being talented or working hard. Can you imagine
if Michael Jordan hadn’t been in the NBA, if his circle of 5 had been a
bunch of guys in Italy? Your circle pushes you to be better, just as
Adam pushed me.

And now your circle will grow to include your coworkers and everyone
around you. Where you live matters: there’s only one MIT. And there’s
only one Hollywood and only one Silicon Valley. This isn’t a
coincidence: for whatever you’re doing, there’s usually only one place
where the top people go. You should go there. Don’t settle for anywhere
else. Meeting my heroes and learning from them gave me a huge advantage.
Your heroes are part of your circle too — follow them. If the real
action is happening somewhere else, move.

The last trap you might fall into after school is “getting ready.” Don’t
get me wrong: learning is your top priority, but now the fastest way to
learn is by doing. If you have a dream, you can spend a lifetime
studying and planning and getting ready for it. What you should be doing
is getting started.

Honestly, I don’t think I’ve ever been “ready.” I remember the day our
first investors said yes and asked us where to send the money. For a 24
year old, this is Christmas — and opening your present is hitting
refresh over and over on bankofamerica.com and watching your company’s
checking account go from 60 dollars to 1.2 million dollars. At first I
was ecstatic — that number has two commas in it! I took a screenshot —
but then I was sick to my stomach. Someday these guys are going to want
this back. What the hell have I gotten myself into?
You already know this feeling: at MIT we call it “drinking from the
firehose.” It’s about as fun as it sounds, and all of us have the
internal bleeding to prove it. But we’ve also learned it’s good for you.
Today, one valve shuts off. Now you need to go out and find another
firehose.
Dropbox has been mine. As you might expect, building this company has
been the most exciting, interesting and fulfilling experience of my
life. What I haven’t really shared is that it’s also been the most
humiliating, frustrating and painful experience too, and I can’t even
count the number of things that have gone wrong.

Fortunately, it doesn’t matter. No one has a 5.0 in real life. In fact,
when you finish school, the whole notion of a GPA just goes away. When
you’re in school, every little mistake is a permanent crack in your
windshield. But in the real world, if you’re not swerving around and
hitting the guard rails every now and then, you’re not going fast
enough. Your biggest risk isn’t failing, it’s getting too comfortable.

Bill Gates’s first company made software for traffic lights. Steve
Jobs’s first company made plastic whistles that let you make free phone
calls. Both failed, but it’s hard to imagine they were too upset about
it. That’s my favorite thing that changes today. You no longer carry
around a number indicating the sum of all your mistakes. From now on,
failure doesn’t matter: you only have to be right once.

I used to worry about all kinds of things, but I can remember the moment
when I calmed down. I had just moved to San Francisco, and one night I
couldn’t sleep so I was on my laptop. I read something online that said
“There are 30,000 days in your life.” At first I didn’t think much of
it, but on a whim I tabbed over to the calculator. I type in 24 times
365 and — oh my God, I’m almost 9,000 days down. What the hell have I
been doing?

(By the way: you guys are 8,000 days down.)

So that’s how 30,000 ended up on the cheat sheet. That night, I realized
there are no warmups, no practice rounds, no reset buttons. Every day
we’re writing a few more words of a story. And when you die, it’s not
like “here lies Drew, he came in 174th place.” So from then on, I
stopped trying to make my life perfect, and instead tried to make it
interesting. I wanted my story to be an adventure — and that’s made all
the difference.

My grandmother is here today, and next week we’ll be celebrating her
95th birthday. We talk more on the phone now that I’ve moved out to
California. But one thing that’s stuck with me is she always ends our
phone calls with one word: “Excelsior,” which means “ever upward.”
And today on your commencement, your first day of life in the real
world, that’s what I wish for you. Instead of trying to make your life
perfect, give yourself the freedom to make it an adventure, and go ever
upward. Thank you.

2.众人通过努力一般达到自己只是承受的品位后再行多磨练几年也非会见生提升。

译文

“我不再计较给在百科,而是准备让她有趣。”

谢 Reed 主席,恭喜所有 2013 级的同室。

非凡愉快回到 MIT,也老美观昨日亦可和你们当共同。我依旧带在本人的 Brass
Rat,在结业那天转动这一个戒指仍旧是自身身被最好自豪的随时之一。

来诸多缘故使这无异龙好特别,但自啊你们的提神的来头是,这是你们人生遭受又为非需勾选框框的第一天。

在你们的头 20
年,生命里之打响意味着从平绕跨到此外一样缠:拿到测验成绩、进入这所高校,上课、得到此学位。进入一个吓的部门,以便进入下一个吓的机关。所有这一切都在明日了了。

规划人生里极其为难之从事是无亮堂如若失去哪,却要赶紧到这里。也许你会创制一小店、治愈癌症或摹写伟大之美利坚合众国随笔。但什么人知道为?那些从可能相会错得离谱。我啊不知道。

先天以此处通过正长袍演讲并无是自个儿七年前计划遭到之相同有的。事实上,我从没有一个英雄之计划——而自己明日察觉及,毕业后几乎无或者来如此一个计划。

自身眷恋了好多不成,你们前几日伊始之生活到底有什么不同。我想过假若重来我会开呀。你们知道的差不多就是是换得聪明和奋力干活。但没有人告你,前天后,成功之的窍门改变了。所以自己想吃你们一样布置小抄,我以友好毕业的时节想假使的那么同样摆。

自的小抄上尚未多情节。只有一个网球、一个周和数字
30000。忍一下,我知现在其还一直不另外意义。

本身 21 东平日在同等家 Chili’s 宾馆里创设了第一小店。我和一块创办者 AndrewCrick
都是首先潮。我们无精晓是否要通过正西装去市政厅,或是做集团印章来打印首要之文本。后来咱们发现只有需要交网上填写一个报表,大约有数秒钟就是足以了。那发生一些断断续续,但咱曾经起来开工作了。吃在洋葱圈,我们决定集团将为
SAT 制作一种植新的网课。那时候大多数亲骨肉如故拔取老式的 800
页课本,而其他网课一点还无好。大家受它们由名叫也 Accolade,一个 SAT
词汇,表示嘉许荣誉。实际上,我们称之为 “Accolade
公司有限责任集团”,这样放起再一次使得人映像深远。

本身在回家的中途停于了斯台普斯,储备了有卡片。很显著,做工作最好要之手续是
PS
一个标明,然后打印一些刺,上边印在“开创者”。做事情的下一个步骤是当集会上管其来去,然后报女孩们“是的,我有一个号。”这太老了。

但是绝好之局部是学各样新物。我每个暑假都已在兄弟会之房屋里,五楼有一个阶梯连通及楼顶。我拖了一个黑色尼龙折叠椅过去,还得到了成千上万自Amazon请之写过去,我管每个礼拜底时空还花在翻阅市场、销售、管理等于我全不明白之地点。我并无打算当
Phi Delta Theta 的屋顶上以到 MBA,但虽然是这般来了。

少年晚,事情先河走下坡路了。我以为如若拿到举行尤为难以矣,有时候我会心绪失控,无法解开关系平行线的数学题,或者不可能相见
3:45
离开林茨底列车。我思稍稍工作出现了问题。我因没有生产力而发负疚。创办一下店直接是自个儿之巴,也许,我并未这能力。

由此我休息了同一有点截时间。当然,假若你于 6
班,“休息”有时候表示写一个扑克牌机器人。对于那么些未亮堂什么是扑克机器人之同桌,就是你在网上娱乐扑克游戏,坐在点了什么日期辰的按钮,然后输掉所有钱。而一个扑克牌机器人则象征足叫电脑吗你输掉所有钱。

可当下是一个动人的挑衅。我于她控制了。哪怕是洗澡的时光我啊会思忖它。下午底时吧会考虑。就比如是开拓了一个开关——我恍然成了扳平尊机械。

举行到中等的时光,父母期大家有着的总人口去特拉华州过千篇一律不良家周末。但本身确实想继续召开自己之扑克牌机器人。所以自己打开自己的蒙迪欧后备箱,然后拿电脑以及电缆全部蘑菇到了我们的小屋里。餐厅桌子不敷好,所以我将持有的锅子和物价指数都转移走了,为己之突显器腾出空间。本次是自家四姨当自家起了问题。她坚信自己登时就是设进看守所了。

自身这便是为疼爱之事物工作,但实际上并无是这么。很易说服自己在开的从事是酷爱之——何人想确认并无是啊?当自己想开顿时或多或少时常,我知道之那一个最安心乐意和太成功之人不仅仅爱她们举办的从事,他们痴迷于解决一个最紧要之问题,对他们来说至关首要之事情。他们受我回想狗追棒球:它们的眼眸看起有些疯狂,绳子下它们意外向出,撞走途中的别东西。我起局部外朋友吧特别用力干活、得到了富的酬金,但他俩抱怨像受铐在了办公桌上。

题材是多多益善人口绝非及时找到他们的网球。不要误会我之意——我欢喜与下一个丁一样的突出条件测试,但变成
SAT 家庭作业到的王并无是自家想念使的。让自身倍感恐惧的是,扑克牌机器人及
Dropbox
一起先依然吃自己分心的业务。我脑海中那么小的动静告诉自己该去哪,但自身一向在给它闭嘴,这样我才回来工作。但奇迹有点动静才是最好好之。

自我花费了一段时间才了然,工作太努力的食指连无劳动,因为她俩顺练有从古到今。他们全力干活,因为解决一个激动人心的题材一定幽默。所以今日过后,不要还逼自己;而而找到自己之网球,这起拉动你的从事。可能需要花点时间,但连续听内心受到那么微小的动静,知道乃找到她。

吃咱回到我毕业的充裕春日,你就要来临的伏季。我兄弟会之一个哥们,Adam
史密斯(Smith),以及他的意中人 Matt Brezina
即将创办一下店铺,大家决定联合以一个宾馆工作,这样会师非凡有趣。

及时是一个完美的夏——几乎应有尽有。空调坏了,所以大家且过正下身内衣编码。艾达(Ada)m 和
Matt
全天候做事,但随着时间推移,他们时时刻刻为地下的出资人拉走,投资人会享受温馨之潜在、带他们坐直升机。我暴发硌嫉妒——我早就也自家之店家工作了有限年,Adam
只工作了多少个月。我的直升机在何处坐?

事务只是相会变得重新糟糕。十一月要交了,Adam
告诉自己一个特别音信:他们只要动迁出去了。不仅是无比烫了,还有他们假诺失去硅谷了,他们做出真正的走了,而自己可绝非。

每便自己为 Adam
打电话都碰面听到工作在安开展。总是卓殊好。“我们前些天中午见到了
Vinod,”他会这么跟我说。Vinod Khosla 是 Sun Microsystems
的合创办人、亿万富翁投资人。然后 艾达m
丢出了一如既往朵炸弹,“他将为咱五百万加元。”

本身耶他深感兴奋,但这对己来说是一个吃惊。他是自己忠实的乒乓球洋酒游戏伙伴,也是自个儿兄弟会里的表弟,比我稍稍点儿年份。我未克再暴发借口了。他霎时要到一级碗了,而自己竟然未曾在选秀中吃拔取上。艾达(Ada)m
当时并不知道,他踹了本人弹指间,我刚刚用这一瞬间。是时改变了。

大家平常说你是和您时于协同的 5
个人的平均值。花一样分钟想转:你的领域是啊五只人?我暴发一个好信息,MIT
是世界上树立这多少个小圈子太好之地方之一。假使自己一直不来此地,我弗会师赶上
艾达m,我为非会晤逢自己神奇的一路创办人,Arash,也即使未会师暴发 Dropbox。

现本人就学到了,让好于鼓舞人心的丁包,和发原依旧用力干活一样首要。你可知设想Michael·乔丹没有进去
NBA,他身边的 5 个人是同样多意大利总人口乎?你的领域推动你换得还好,就是 Adam
推动自身同一。

现公的园地将会进步,会包括你的同事和周围的每个人。你停止的地方会爆发震慑:只有一个
MIT,只出一个好莱坞,只出一个硅谷。这不是偶合:无论你在从什么,一级的人才平日就去一个地点。你该去这里。不要当此外任哪里方定居。结识我认为的英武然后于他们读,给了自身伟大的优势。你觉得的强悍吗是公圈子的如出一辙部分——跟随他们。假设真的的步暴发在另外的地方,这即便失去。

毕业后你谋面踩上之末梢一个坑是“准备好了。”不要误会我的意:学习是公的紧要任务,但前几日最好抢的求学道就是去做。即便您暴发一个希望,你可以为此一生之辰来学学与筹划,来吧底善准备。你本应当做的饶是始。

老实说,我打无看自己“准备好了。”,直到我们的第一单投资人说了好,然后问大家钱送至何。对于
24 寒暑之总人口来说,这尽管是圣诞节——打开礼盒就是是在 bankofamerica.com
上同样普又平等尽刷新,看正在若的合作社账户从 60 日元到 120
万日币。刚起自己乐不可支——这一个数字里竟然生半点只逗号!我截了张图——然后自己忽然有点反胃。有同等龙这多少人相会拿钱而回去。我自己到底他妈的博了啊?

你们已经清楚这种感觉:在 MIT
我们遂它呢”用消防栓喝水。“它便像放起的那么好游戏,我们还暴发外爆发血来表明其。但我们呢学到了,那是本着您生补的。明天,一个阀门关上了。你得出找到任何一个消防栓。

Dropbox
是自家的。正像你们猜的,建设这家公司是自个儿命被最好令人兴奋、有趣和多的经验。但自身一向不真正说出的凡,它吧是太屈辱、沮丧与惨痛的涉,我仍旧数不闹出错的事务的数额。

万幸的凡,这并无关联。没有丁以现实生活中拿走
5.0。事实上,毕业后,GPA
的真概念就熄灭了。当你当母校隔三差五,每个细微的荒谬还会见化为你这面挡风玻璃的千古裂缝。但每当切实世界面临,假若你无是历次都转身去撞墙,就不会晤走之这快。你最特此外风险不是败,而是变得太舒服。

比尔(比尔(Bill))·盖茨的第一下集团打造交通灯软件。史蒂夫(Steve)·乔布斯(Jobs)的首先家商店做塑料口哨,能够为你回打免费电话。六只都黄了,但怪不便想象她们就对斯非凡失落。这是今底更动中自我最好欢喜的作业。你不再带表示您有着错误数量的数字。从现行启幕,失利且无涉及:你独自需要成功一不良。

我先担心各样各类的事情,但本身可以记自己平静下来的那么一刻。我刚搬至曼谷,一上夜晚本身睡不在,所以我打开了自家之台式机电脑。我在网上读到“你的人生发出
30000 天。”起先我一直不感念最多,但本身忽然想在总括器及打出去。我输入 24 乘以
365,然后——我之天,我一度过去了几乎 9000 天。我他大妈一贯以做啊?

(顺便说一样词:你们过去了 8000 天。)

就此就便是 30000
为何起于小抄上。这天夜里,我发觉及没热身、没有磨炼的合、没有重置按钮。每日我们且在也我们的故事写下两只新的语句。当你不行的上,不谋面像“这儿睡了
Drew,他是第 174
单来之。”所以从那时起,我不再计较给在百科,而是准备给其有趣。我盼望我之故事会是一个冒险——这便形成了具有的界别。

本人奶奶明日当此处,这周我们碰面庆祝其底 95
春秋华诞。我搬至加州继大家又多经对讲机互换。但发生一样起事一贯让我疑惑,她连用一个单词来终结我们的对讲机:“Excelsior”,意思是“平昔提高。”

今以你们的毕业典礼上,你们现实生活的率先龙,这是自哉你们许底愿。不要试图让生活圆满,给好随便为她变成平等次于冒险,并且永远向上。谢谢。

1.作者通过训练网球这项技艺解释学习新技巧的相似方法:买装备,花钱上课,教练教,自己不停磨炼,然后还让训要么朋友让平糟糕,再执教和磨炼,这样连的勤学苦练后意识自己曾通晓了容易的技术,可是如故时有暴发欠缺表表露来让您砸不已。

在线观望演讲

4.梅蓓——精进队  梅蓓  无。